Given the amounts of safety hazards and risks that are involved, most of which can be life-threatening, it is best to leave electrical wiring to the experts. However, if you are bent upon doing it yourself, make sure you carry the task out meticulously, and ensure that everything is in place before you turn on the lights and start using electricity in the house. If done right, wiring a house yourself can save you thousands of dollars. It is recommended that you have the electrical plan created by a qualified and licensed electrician, and then go ahead and do the wiring yourself, if you are willing to take on such a challenging task. When wiring, make sure you keep certain tips and guidelines in mind.
- Wiring appliances: The electrical wiring procedure is not the same for all electrical appliances – each appliance has an electrical connection, a particular outlet, and a specific breaker size that it needs to be connected to. This means that the procedure for wiring a toaster oven would be very different from wiring a television or an electric range. Before you begin, make sure you find out the specific requirements of each appliance, and buy wire and other items accordingly.
- Good and bad electrical wiring connections: As with everything else, there are good electrical wiring connections, and bad ones. Manufacturers may sometimes let you choose between different connection points (e.g. switches and outlets), but you need to keep any eye out for anything that might appear faulty to begin with. Stick to reliable manufacturers that have proven trustworthy over the passage of time – do not experiment when it comes to a task like wiring.
- Electrical service wiring: To ensure the smooth, unobstructed flow of electricity through wires, you need to make the proper connections to all of the electrical service components. For example when wiring an electric meter, electrical panel, sub-panel, or disconnect, make sure you figure out which wire goes where beforehand. This way, the wiring will be both safe and functional.
- Wiring electrical devices: In order to have safe and secure electrical connections, you need to ensure all electrical devices are wired right. Understand the requirements of each – e.g. one device may need a 120-volt outlet, while another may need 240-volt outlet. Don’t just haphazardly connect wires to device terminals – know how you need to deal with connections (strip, bend, and tighten them, etc.).
- Size and application of wiring: Find out which types of wire need to be used for specific types of installations. Find out the color required (color will tell you if it is a hot, neutral, or a ground wire), and see if the wire is big enough to handle the load you will be putting on it.